Immunizations are very important for every new-born baby and so it is important to understand the vaccination timeline and know the facts. They help the baby before their antibodies are strong enough to fight for themselves. They assist in preventing various diseases such as: tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, hepatitis, yellow fever, measles, and pneumonia, just to mention but a few.
In terms of a vaccination timeline, they are given at intervals as the baby grows. They are usually given at birth, after 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks, 6 months, and at 9 months.
Vaccination Timeline & Facts
- Bacillus Guerin – protects a child against tuberculosis, it is administered at birth or before two weeks. The vaccination is on the left arm just below the elbow joint and is administered under the skin, forming a blister which later forms a mark to prove immunization.
- Polio vaccine – protects against poliomyelitis disease which inhibits the child’s growth. It is administered orally two drops per dose and there are four doses i.e. at birth, 6 weeks, 10 weeks and at 14 weeks.
- Diphtheria Pertussis – protects against various disease i.e. diphtheria, tetanus and hepatitis A. It’s administered on the left upper thigh and is given in three doses i.e. at 6 weeks, 10 weeks and 14 weeks.
- Pneumonia vaccine – protects against pneumonia in small children. It’s administered on the left thigh a dose of 0.5 millimeters. It’s also given in three doses at 6, 10 and 14 weeks. It’s normally associated with high fever few hours after immunization.
- Measles vaccine – protects against measles and is administered at the upper right arm and is given at nine months.
- Vitamin A – a child is given at six months and there on after every 6 months the dose is repeated until a child attains 5 years of age. Children below 1 year are given a dose of 100,000 I.U and after one year the dose is increased to 200,000 I.U.
All these immunizations are important to every child since their immune system is not strong and their antibodies are not fully developed. Therefore, every parent should ensure that their children have been immunized against all these diseases.